There's little doubt that "do what you love" (DWYL) is now the
unofficial work mantra for our time. The problem with DWYL, however, is
that it leads not to salvation but to the devaluation of actual work
--and more importantly, the dehumanization of the vast majority of
Superficially, DWYL is an
uplifting piece of advice, urging us to ponder what it is we most enjoy
doing and then turn that activity into a wage-generating enterprise. But
why should our pleasure be for profit? And who is the audience for this
DWYL is a secret handshake
of the privileged and a worldview that disguises its elitism as noble
self-betterment. According to this way ofthinking, labor is not
something one does for compensation but is an act of love. It profit
doesn't happen to follow, presumably it is because the worker's passion
and determination were insufficient. Les real achievement is making
workers believe their labor serves the self and not the marketplace.
most important recent evangelist of DWYL was the late Apple CEO Steve
Jobs. In his graduation speech to the Stanford University Class of 2005,
Jobs recountedthe creation of Apple and inserted this reflection:
got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it
isfor your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life,
and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is
great work. Andthe only way to do great work is to love what you do."In
these four sentences, the words "you" and "your" appear eight times.
focus on the individual isn't surprisingly coming from Jobs, who
cultivated avery specific image of himself as a worker: inspired,
casual, passionate all states agreeable with ideal romantic love
From the passage, what is implied by using the phrase "ideal romantic love" (Line 25)?
1. There's no such thing as true love.
2. Love depends on our ideas about it.
3. To love or not to love is a question.
4. Love is fanciful, imaginary and unreal.
5. Love is real and all around our lives.
ตอบ ข้อ 4 หรือเปล่าครับ เพราะ ideal = อุดมคติ และ perfect